Journal article

Acute liver dysfunction with delayed peak of serum aminotransferase levels as a presentation of ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency in females

Kathryn Clarkston, Joy Lee, Sarah Donoghue, Heidi Peters, Hernan Eiroa, Amit A Shah, Kathleen Loomes, Jessica Wen, Mark Oliver, Winita Hardikar, Carlos E Prada, Akihiro Asai

AMERICAN JOURNAL OF MEDICAL GENETICS PART A | WILEY | Published : 2020

Abstract

We describe 10 females with ornithine transcarbamylase (OTC) deficiency and liver dysfunction, revealing a unique pattern of hepatocyte injury in which initial hyperammonemia and coagulopathy is followed by a delayed peak in aminotransferase levels. None of the patients required urgent liver transplantation, though five eventually underwent transplant for recurrent metabolic crises. We intend that this novel observation will initiate further investigations into the pathophysiology of liver dysfunction in OTC-deficient patients, and ultimately lead to the development of therapies and prevent the need for liver transplant.