Understanding charge transfer on the clinically used conical Utah electrode array: charge storage capacity, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and effective electrode area
Alexander R Harris
JOURNAL OF NEURAL ENGINEERING | IOP PUBLISHING LTD | Published : 2021
OBJECTIVE: The Utah electrode is used for pre/clinical studies on neural recording and stimulation. Anecdotal and empirical reports on their performance have been made, resulting in variable testing methods. An in depth investigation was performed to understand the electrochemical behaviour and charge transfer mechanisms occurring on these clinically important electrodes. APPROACH: Platinum and iridium electrodes were assessed by cyclic voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The effective electrode area was measured by reduction of Ru(NH3)63+. MAIN RESULTS: Pristine Utah electrodes have little to no oxide present and the surface roughness is very low. Pristine iridium electr..View full abstract
Awarded by Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence Scheme
Funding from the Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence Scheme (Project No. CE140100012) is gratefully acknowledged.