A novel clinical evaluation of childhood incontinence and urinary urgency.
WF Bower, KH Moore, RD Adams
J Urol | Published : 2001
PURPOSE: There are few clinic based objective tools for the evaluation of urinary urgency and incontinence in children. We report on the known method of frequency volume chart, and describe 2 new tools to determine their effectiveness and reliability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The mean and standard deviation values for affected children in each age group from 5 to 12 years were calculated from 321 consecutive frequency volume charts. Two new child-based scoring tools quantifying urinary urgency were developed to measure the sensation of urgency and the intensity of response at urge (visual analog score 1 and 2). These tools were tested for reliability. As the quantification of incontinence is p..View full abstract