Journal article

Impacts of the 2011 Fukushima nuclear accident on emergency medical service times in Soma District, Japan: a retrospective observational study

Tomohiro Morita, Masaharu Tsubokura, Tomoyuki Furutani, Shuhei Nomura, Sae Ochi, Claire Leppold, Kazuhiro Takahara, Yuki Shimada, Sho Fujioka, Masahiro Kami, Shigeaki Kato, Tomoyoshi Oikawa

BMJ OPEN | BMJ PUBLISHING GROUP | Published : 2016

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To assess the influence of the 3.11 triple disaster (earthquake, tsunami and nuclear accident) on the emergency medical service (EMS) system in Fukushima. METHODS: Total EMS time (from EMS call to arrival at a hospital) was assessed in the EMS system of Soma district, located 10-40 km north of the nuclear plant, from 11 March to 31 December 2011. We defined the affected period as when total EMS time was significantly extended after the disasters compared with the historical control data from 1 January 2009 to 10 March 2011. To identify risk factors associated with the extension of total EMS time after the disasters, we investigated trends in 3 time segments of total EMS time; resp..

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