Journal article

Social isolation and cancer management after the 2011 triple disaster in Fukushima, Japan: A case report of breast cancer with patient and provider delay

Akihiko Ozaki, Claire Leppold, Masaharu Tsubokura, Tetsuya Tanimoto, Shigehira Saji, Shigeaki Kato, Masahiro Kami, Manabu Tsukada, Hiromichi Ohira

Medicine | LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS | Published : 2016


Breast cancer patients may present with patient delay or experience provider delay-2 factors which can lead to a late-stage diagnosis and poor prognosis. Mass disasters drastically change social structures, and have the potential to contribute to these delays. However, there is little information available on patient and provider delay related to cancer after disasters. In March 2011, an earthquake, followed by a tsunami and nuclear accident struck Fukushima, Japan. In July 2014, a 59 year-old Japanese widow, living alone, presented to our hospital with a lump and pain in her right breast, which had originally appeared in April 2011 and continuously deteriorated for 3 years and 3 months. She..

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