Effects of Electroacupuncture on Opioid Consumption in Patients with Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain: A Multicenter Randomized Controlled Trial.
Zhen Zheng, Stephen Gibson, Robert D Helme, Yanyi Wang, David Shao-Chen Lu, Carolyn Arnold, Malcolm Hogg, Andrew A Somogyi, Cliff Da Costa, Charlie Chang Li Xue
Pain Medicine | Published : 2019
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of electroacupuncture in reducing opioid consumption in patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain. DESIGN: A randomized, participant-assessor-blinded, three-arm trial. SETTING: Participants from three pain clinics and from the public. SUBJECTS: One hundred and eight adults with chronic pain who were taking opioids. METHODS: All participants received pain and medication management education. Participants were randomly allocated to electroacupuncture (N = 48), sham electroacupuncture (N = 29), or education alone (N = 31) to receive relevant treatment for 12 weeks. The last group received electroacupuncture during the three-month follow-up. Analy..View full abstract