Co-occurrence of posttraumatic stress symptoms, pain, and disability 12 months after traumatic injury.
Melita J Giummarra, Sara L Casey, Anna Devlin, Liane J Ioannou, Stephen J Gibson, Nellie Georgiou-Karistianis, Paul A Jennings, Peter A Cameron, Jennie Ponsford
PAIN Reports | Published : 2017
Introduction: Chronic pain is common after traumatic injury and frequently co-occurs with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and PTSD symptoms (PTSS). Objectives: This study sought to understand the association between probable PTSD, PTSS, and pain. Methods: Four hundred thirty-three participants were recruited from the Victorian Orthopaedic Trauma Outcomes Registry and Victorian State Trauma Registry and completed outcome measures. Participants were predominantly male (n = 324, 74.8%) and aged 17-75 years at the time of their injury (M = 44.83 years, SD = 14.16). Participants completed the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist, Brief Pain Inventory, Pain Catastrophizing Scale, Pain Self..View full abstract