Meal patterns and incident hypertension in community-dwelling middle-aged adults: an 11-year follow-up cohort study.
Xianwen Shang, Alison Flehr, Yujie Fang, Mingguang He
Journal of Hypertension | Published : 2021
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine whether meal patterns, as well as energy intake from three main meals and snacks, were associated with incident hypertension. METHODS: We included 12 995 participants aged 18-59 years from the China Health and Nutrition Survey in the final analysis. Dietary intake was assessed using weighing methods in combination with 24-h food records. Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to examine the association of meal patterns, and energy intake from different meals with incident hypertension. RESULTS: During a mean follow-up of 11.2 years, 4766 new hypertension cases were documented. Four meal patterns were derived according to energy intake: balanced, b..View full abstract