Book Chapter

Developing Teaching Presence in Online Learning Through Shared Stakeholder Responsibility

Carol Johnson, Noha Altowairiki

Research Anthology on Developing Critical Thinking Skills in Students | IGI Global | Published : 2021


Transitioning from a face-to-face teaching environment to online teaching requires a shift in paradigm by stakeholders involved (i.e., instructors and students). This chapter provides an extensive literature review to help novice online instructors understand the nature of online teaching presence to help position their students towards more active participation. Premised on the Community of Inquiry framework (Garrison, Anderson & Archer, 2000) and constructivism, we highlight a conceptual framework of four iterative processes for developing online teaching presence: preparations for facilitation, designing the facilitation, implementing the facilitation, and assessing the facilitation. Base..

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