SEI Formation on Sodium Metal Electrodes in Superconcentrated Ionic Liquid Electrolytes and the Effect of Additive Water.
Shammi A Ferdousi, Luke A O'Dell, Matthias Hilder, Anders J Barlow, Michel Armand, Maria Forsyth, Patrick C Howlett
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces | Published : 2021
We have previously reported that water addition (∼1000 ppm) to an N-methyl-N-propylpyrrolidinium bis(fluorosulfonyl)imide (C3mpyrFSI) superconcentrated ionic liquid electrolyte (50 mol % NaFSI) promoted the formation of a favorable solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) and resulted in enhanced cycling stability. This study reports the characterization of Na-metal anode surfaces cycled with these electrolytes containing different water concentrations (up to 5000 ppm). Morphological and spectroscopic characterization showed that water addition greatly influences the formation of the SEI and that ∼1000 ppm of water promoted the formation of an active and more uniform deposit, with larger quantitie..View full abstract