Differential associations between body mass index with diabetes and vision-threatening diabetic retinopathy in an adult Chinese population.
Xiaotong Han, Yu Jiang, Yong Niu, Yongjuan Zhu, Wenyong Huang, Mingguang He
Br J Ophthalmol | Published : 2021
PURPOSE: To investigate the associations between body mass index (BMI) with diabetes mellitus (DM) and vision-threatening diabetic retinopathy (VTDR). METHODS: This was a longitudinal study which included DM-free participants aged ≥40 years from the Lingtou Eye Cohort Study at baseline (2008-2010). Physical and ocular examinations were performed at baseline and annual follow-ups under standardised protocol. Two 45° non-mydriatic colour digital retinal photographs were obtained for each eye at all study visits, and presence of VTDR at the 2016 follow-up was graded by a deep-learning algorithm (LableMe) with proved high accuracy for detection of VTDR. RESULTS: A total of 2934 participants were..View full abstract