β-blockade prevents coronary macro- and microvascular dysfunction induced by a high salt diet and insulin resistance in the Goto-Kakizaki rat.
James T Pearson, Hamish P Thambyah, Mark T Waddingham, Tadakatsu Inagaki, Vijayakumar Sukumaran, Jennifer P Ngo, Connie PC Ow, Takashi Sonobe, Yi Ching Chen, Amanda J Edgley, Yutaka Fujii, Cheng-Kun Du, Dong-Yun Zhan, Keiji Umetani, Darren J Kelly, Hirotsugu Tsuchimochi, Mikiyasu Shirai
Clin Sci (Lond) | Published : 2021
A high salt intake exacerbates insulin resistance, evoking hypertension due to systemic perivascular inflammation, oxidative-nitrosative stress and endothelial dysfunction. Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEi) and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) have been shown to abolish inflammation and redox stress but only partially restore endothelial function in mesenteric vessels. We investigated whether sympatho-adrenal overactivation evokes coronary vascular dysfunction when a high salt intake is combined with insulin resistance in male Goto-Kakizaki (GK) and Wistar rats treated with two different classes of β-blocker or vehicle, utilising synchrotron-based microangiography in vivo. F..View full abstract