Journal article

Conceptual causal models of socioeconomic status, family structure, family functioning and their role in public health

Frederik Booysen, Ferdi Botha, Edwin Wouters

BMC PUBLIC HEALTH | BMC | Published : 2021


Social determinants of health frameworks are standard tools in public health. These frameworks for the most part omit a crucial factor: the family. Socioeconomic status moreover is a prominent social determinant of health. Insofar as family functioning is poorer in poor families and family structure and functioning are linked to health, it is critical to consider the pathways between these four constructs. In this correspondence, we reflect on how empirical studies of this conceptual nexus mirror two causal models. We conclude by reflecting on future directions for research in this field.