Lung ultrasound during newborn resuscitation predicts the need for surfactant therapy in very- and extremely preterm infants.
Shiraz Badurdeen, C Omar F Kamlin, Sheryle R Rogerson, Stefan C Kane, Graeme R Polglase, Stuart B Hooper, Peter G Davis, Douglas A Blank
Resuscitation | Published : 2021
INTRODUCTION: Early identification of infants requiring surfactant therapy improves outcomes. We evaluated the accuracy of delivery room lung ultrasound (LUS) to predict surfactant therapy in very- and extremely preterm infants. METHODS: Infants born at <320/7 weeks were prospectively enrolled at 2 centres. LUS videos of both sides of the chest were obtained 5-10 min, 11-20 min, and 1-3 h after birth. Clinicians were masked to the results of the LUS assessment and surfactant therapy was provided according to local guidelines. LUS videos were graded blinded to clinical data. Presence of unilateral type 1 ('whiteout') LUS or worse was considered test positive. Receiver Operating Characteristic..View full abstract