Journal article

Low doses of the organic insecticide spinosad trigger lysosomal defects, ROS driven lipid dysregulation and neurodegeneration in flies

Felipe Martelli, Zuo Zhongyuan, Julia Wang, Ching-On Wong, Nicholas E Karagas, Ute Roessner, Thusitha Rupasinghe, Kartik Venkatachalam, Trent Perry, Philip Batterham, Hugo J Bellen

Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

Abstract

AbstractThe plight of insect populations around the world and the threats it poses to agriculture and ecosystems has thrown insecticide use into the spotlight. Spinosad is an organic insecticide, considered less harmful to beneficial insects than synthetic insecticides, but its mode of action remains unclear. Using Drosophila, we show that low doses of spinosad reduce cholinergic response in neurons by antagonizing Dα6 nAChRs. Dα6 nAChRs are transported to lysosomes that become enlarged and accumulate upon spinosad treatment. Oxidative stress is initiated in the central nervous system, and spreads to midgut and disturbs lipid storage in metabolic tissues in a Dα6-dependent manner. Spinosad t..

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