Journal article

International study of definitions of English-language terms for suicidal behaviours: a survey exploring preferred terminology

Diego De Leo, Benjamin Goodfellow, Morton Silverman, Alan Berman, John Mann, Ella Arensman, Keith Hawton, MR Phillips, Lakshmi Vijayakumar, Karl Andriessen, Ana-Maria Chavez-Hernandez, Marnin Heisel, Kairi Kolves

BMJ OPEN | BMJ PUBLISHING GROUP | Published : 2021

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Explore international consensus on nomenclatures of suicidal behaviours and analyse differences in terminology between high-income countries (HICs) and low/middle-income countries (LMICs). DESIGN: An online survey of members of the International Organisation for Suicide Prevention (IASP) used multiple-choice questions and vignettes to assess the four dimensions of the definition of suicidal behaviour: outcome, intent, knowledge and agency. SETTING: International. PARTICIPANTS: Respondents included 126 individuals, 37 from 30 LMICs and 89 from 33 HICs. They included 40 IASP national representatives (65% response rate), IASP regular members (20% response rate) and six respondents f..

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