Inhibition of APE1/Ref-1 Redox Signaling Alleviates Intestinal Dysfunction and Damage to Myenteric Neurons in a Mouse Model of Spontaneous Chronic Colitis.
Lauren Sahakian, Rhiannon T Filippone, Rhian Stavely, Ainsley M Robinson, Xu Sean Yan, Raquel Abalo, Rajaraman Eri, Joel C Bornstein, Mark R Kelley, Kulmira Nurgali
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases | Published : 2021
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) associates with damage to the enteric nervous system (ENS), leading to gastrointestinal (GI) dysfunction. Oxidative stress is important for the pathophysiology of inflammation-induced enteric neuropathy and GI dysfunction. Apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease 1/redox factor-1 (APE1/Ref-1) is a dual functioning protein that is an essential regulator of the cellular response to oxidative stress. In this study, we aimed to determine whether an APE1/Ref-1 redox domain inhibitor, APX3330, alleviates inflammation-induced oxidative stress that leads to enteric neuropathy in the Winnie murine model of spontaneous chronic colitis. METHODS: Winnie mice receiv..View full abstract