Sex differences in uterine artery Doppler during gestation in pregnancies complicated by placental dysfunction.
Leah Paranavitana, Melissa Walker, Anjana Ravi Chandran, Natasha Milligan, Shiri Shinar, Clare L Whitehead, Sebastian R Hobson, Lena Serghides, W Tony Parks, Ahmet A Baschat, Christopher K Macgowan, John G Sled, John C Kingdom, Lindsay S Cahill
Biol Sex Differ | Published : 2021
BACKGROUND: There is growing evidence of sex differences in placental vascular development. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of fetal sex on uterine artery pulsatility index (PI) throughout gestation in a cohort of normal and complicated pregnancies. METHODS: A prospective longitudinal study was conducted in 240 pregnant women. Pulsed wave Doppler ultrasound of the proximal uterine arteries was performed at a 4-weekly interval between 14 and 40 weeks of gestation. The patients were classified retrospectively as normal or complicated (one or more of maternal preeclampsia, preterm birth, or small for gestational age). To assess if the change in uterine artery PI during..View full abstract