Journal article

The imaging of immunotherapy-related hypophysitis and other pituitary lesions in oncology patients

A Lasocki, A Iravani, A Galligan

CLINICAL RADIOLOGY | W B SAUNDERS CO LTD | Published : 2021

Abstract

Immunotherapy has revolutionised the treatment of metastatic disease from a variety of different primaries, but is frequently associated with immune-related adverse events. This review illustrates the imaging features of immunotherapy-related hypophysitis (IH) and some of the important differential diagnoses in oncology patients. The key radiological characteristic of IH is diffuse, modest enlargement of the pituitary gland with temporal evolution attributable to immunotherapy. Pituitary enlargement is transient, and the gland size returns to baseline size or smaller within months. IH is usually associated with homogeneous enhancement of the pituitary gland, and the pituitary stalk may be th..

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