Journal article

Modifiable Early Childhood Risk Factors for Obesity at Age Four Years

Zarintaj Malihi, Richard Portch, Ladan Hashemi, Deborah Schlichting, Melissa Wake, Susan Morton, Jacinta Fa'alili-Fidow, Fiona Mensah, Tim Olds, Polly Atatoa Carr, Te Kani Kingi, Cameron C Grant, Simon Denny



Background: Childhood obesity is associated with an increased risk of adult obesity and related chronic disease. Our aim was to identify modifiable exposures that are independently associated with obesity in the preschool age group. Methods: A prospective cohort study of 5734 children in New Zealand with anthropometric measurements was completed at age 4.5 years. The modifiable exposures of interest, measured at age 9 months and 2 years, were: food security during infancy; and, at age 2 years, screen time; sleep duration; and takeaway food and soft drink intake. The risk of obesity independently associated with each exposure was determined using Binomial and Poisson regression and described ..

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Awarded by National Science Challenge (A Better Start)

Funding Acknowledgements

CODA (Childhood Obesity, Data to Action) study was funded by Cure Kids New Zealand and National Science Challenge (A Better Start), with the research fund number 3713710. GUiNZ has been funded by the New Zealand Ministries of Social Development, Health, Education, Justice and Pacific Island Affairs; the former Ministry of Science Innovation and the former Department of Labour (now both part of the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment); the former Ministry of Women's Affairs (now the Ministry for Women); the Department of Corrections; the Families Commission (now known as the Social Policy Evaluation and Research Unit); Te Puni Kokiri; New Zealand Police; Sport New Zealand; the Housing New Zealand Corporation; and the former Mental Health Commission, The University of Auckland and Auckland UniServices Limited. Other support for the study has been provided by the Health Research Council of New Zealand, Statistics New Zealand, the Office of the Children's Commissioner and the Office of Ethnic Affairs. This project was supported by a project grant jointly funded by Cure Kids and the National Science Challenges of New Zealand.