Journal article

Understanding Policy Instruments as Rules of Interaction in Social-Ecological System Frameworks

Ratri Werdiningtyas, Yongping Wei, Andrew W Western

GEOGRAPHY AND SUSTAINABILITY | ELSEVIER | Published : 2020

Abstract

Government interventions to manage and improve trade-offs in social and ecological systems are made through various policy instruments. The conditions of the social ecological system (SES) are a function of the cumulatively implemented policy instruments. Although both policy instruments and social ecological system frameworks have played important roles in theoretical developments in resource management, they have largely been considered in isolation from each other. By including policy instruments into the SES framework, the proposed conceptual model serves as a template to examine how governing takes place by deciphering: 1) how the biophysical system has been understood in resource gover..

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