A general model of the thermal constraints on the world's most destructive locust, Schistocerca gregaria
Koutaro Ould Maeno, Cyril Piou, Michael R Kearney, Sidi Ould Ely, Sid'Ahmed Ould Mohamed, Mohamed El Hacen Jaavar, Mohamed Abdallahi Ould Babah Ebbe
ECOLOGICAL APPLICATIONS | WILEY | Published : 2021
All terrestrial ectotherms are constrained to some degree by their thermal environment and the extent to which they can behaviorally buffer variable thermal conditions. New biophysical modeling methods (NicheMapR) allow the calculation of the body temperature of thermoregulating animals anywhere in the world from first principles, but require detailed observational data for parameterization and testing. Here we describe the thermoregulatory biology of marching bands of the desert locust, Schistocerca gregaria, in the Sahara Desert of Mauritania where extreme heat and strong diurnal fluctuations are a major constraint on activity and physiological processes. Using a thermal infrared camera in..View full abstract
Awarded by Japan Society for the Promotion of Science
Awarded by ANR JCJC PEPPER from the Agence National de la Recherche
We thank T. Tidjani and E. Mohamed and members of Centre National de Lutte Antiacridienne (CNLA) for providing assistance with the field surveys. We also thank L. Nicolas and E. Christophe and members of Locust Ecology and Management Research at CBGP for helping in various aspects of the research. We greatly appreciate the constructive and valuable comments on the manuscript from D. Cullen and one anonymous reviewer. This work was supported by Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research (KAKENHI grant No. 15K18808) from the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science. C. Piou was funded by ANR JCJC PEPPER (ANR-18-CE32-0010-01) from the Agence National de la Recherche.