Associations between conformity to masculine norms and depression: age effects from a population study of Australian men.
Danielle Herreen, Simon Rice, Dianne Currier, Marisa Schlichthorst, Ian Zajac
BMC Psychol | Published : 2021
BACKGROUND: Strict adherence to masculine norms has been associated with deleterious consequences for the physical and mental health of men. However, population-based research is lacking, and it remains unclear whether ageing influences adherence to masculine norms and the extent to which mental health problems like depression are implicated. METHODS: This study reports on data from 14,516 males aged 15-55 years who participated in Wave 1 of the Australian Longitudinal Study of Male Health (Ten to Men). Group differences in self-reported conformity to masculine norms (CMNI-22), current depressive symptoms (PHQ-9), and self-reported 12-month depression history were examined for males aged 15-..View full abstract