Journal article

Chewing gum prophylaxis for postoperative nausea and vomiting in the intensive care unit: a pilot randomised controlled trial

Hussam Abdelkarim, Natasha Ciampoli, Lara Zwakman-Hessels, Jai N Darvall, Rinaldo Bellomo

CRITICAL CARE AND RESUSCITATION | AUSTRALASIAN MED PUBL CO LTD | Published : 2020

Abstract

Objective: To test the effectiveness of chewing gum in the prophylaxis of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) in patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) after surgery. Design: Prospective, open label, pilot randomised controlled trial. Setting: Two metropolitan ICUs. Participants: Ninety postoperative adult patients admitted to the ICU. Intervention: Patients administered chewing gum, who chewed for at least 15 minutes every 4 hours, were compared with a control group, who were administered a 20 mL sip of water orally every 4 hours. Main outcome measures: The primary outcome was the number of patient-reported episodes of nausea in the first 24 hours after the operation. Secon..

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Grants

Funding Acknowledgements

The Austin Health ICU Research Fund supported this study. It did not have any role in the design, conduct or reporting of the study.