Journal article

Age as a predictor of quit attempts and quit success in smoking cessation: findings from the International Tobacco Control Four-Country survey (2002-14)

Lauren Arancini, Ron Borland, Michael Le Grande, Mohammadreza Mohebbi, Seetal Dodd, Olivia M Dean, Michael Berk, Ann McNeill, Geoffrey T Fong, K Michael Cummings

ADDICTION | WILEY | Published : 2021

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Past research has found that young smokers are more likely to make quit attempts; however, there are conflicting findings regarding age and quit success. This study examined the degree to which smoker age is related to making quit attempts and quit success. DESIGN: Ten waves of the International Tobacco Control Policy Cohort survey (ITC-4C) collected between 2002 and 2014, with nine wave-to-wave transitions with predictors at the first wave predicting quit attempts and success by the next wave. SETTING: Canada, the United States, the United Kingdom and Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Data from 15 874 smokers categorized into four age groups at baseline (18-24, 25-39, 40-54 and ..

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Grants

Awarded by US National Cancer Institute


Awarded by Robert Wood Johnson Foundation


Awarded by Canadian Institutes of Health Research


Awarded by Canadian Tobacco Control Research Initiative


Awarded by National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia


Awarded by Cancer Research UK


Funding Acknowledgements

The ITC Four-Country Survey (Australia, Canada, United States and United Kingdom) was supported by grants from the US National Cancer Institute (R01 CA100362, R01 CA090955, P50 CA111236 (Roswell Park Transdisciplinary Tobacco Use Research Center) and P01 CA138389), Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (045734), the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (MOP-57897, MOP-79551, MOP-115016), Australia Commonwealth Department of Health and Ageing, the Canadian Tobacco Control Research Initiative (014578), the National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia (265903, 450110, 1005922) and Cancer Research UK (C312/A3726, C312/A6465, C321/A11039, C25586/A19540). G.T.F. was also supported by a Senior Investigator Award from the Ontario Institute for Cancer Research. A.M. is a National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Senior Investigator. The views expressed in this article are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the NIHR or the Department of Health and Social Care.