Cross-national differences in the prevalence of mental illness symptoms: Evidence against the vulnerability paradox
Anthony F Jorm, Roger T Mulder
AUSTRALIAN AND NEW ZEALAND JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY | SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD | Published : 2021
OBJECTIVES: The vulnerability paradox refers to the observation that greater vulnerability is associated with higher prevalence of mental disorder at the individual level, but lower prevalence at the country level. The paradox is supported by studies estimating prevalence using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview and by suicide mortality data. However, cross-national studies using single-item measures of subjective well-being find no evidence of a paradox, with vulnerability being associated with lower well-being at both the individual and country levels. These findings suggest the potential usefulness of simple indicators for studying cross-national differences. In this study, ..View full abstract
The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship and/or publication of this article: A.F.J. is supported by an NHMRC Leadership Fellowship.