Journal article

Postprandial rise of essential amino acids is impaired during critical illness and unrelated to small-intestinal function

Rob JJ van Gassel, Marcel CG van de Poll, Frank G Schaap, Mark Plummer, Adam Deane, Steven WM Olde Damink

JOURNAL OF PARENTERAL AND ENTERAL NUTRITION | WILEY | Published : 2021

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Postprandial rise of plasma essential amino acids (EAAs) determines the anabolic effect of dietary protein. Disturbed gastrointestinal function could impair the anabolic response in critically ill patients. Aim was to investigate the postprandial EAA response in critically ill patients and its relation to small-intestinal function. METHODS: Twenty-one mechanically ventilated patients and 9 healthy controls received a bolus containing 100 ml of a formula feed (Ensure) and 2 g of 3-O-Methyl-d-glucose (3-OMG) via postpyloric feeding tube. Fasting and postprandial plasma concentrations of EAAs, 3-OMG, total bile salts, and the gut-released hormone fibroblast growth factor 19 (FGF19) ..

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