Journal article

Nano/ultrafine grained immiscible Fe-Cu alloy with ultrahigh strength produced by selective laser melting

A Zafari, K Xia

MATERIALS RESEARCH LETTERS | TAYLOR & FRANCIS INC | Published : 2021

Abstract

A nano/ultrafine grained immiscible Fe-Cu alloy was produced using selective laser melting (SLM) with an average grain size of 250 nm and many 50–100 nm, the finest ever achieved using additive manufacturing (AM). The substantial grain refinement was attributed to liquid separation, monotectic reaction and solid-state phase transformations upon cyclic heating. Cu particles of ∼5 nm in size and ∼10 nm in spacing were contained in some grains, resulting in dispersion strengthening which, together with grain boundary strengthening, led to a significant increase in the yield strength from ∼400 MPa in an SLM-fabricated Fe to ∼900 MPa in Fe-Cu.

Grants

Awarded by Australian Research Council


Awarded by University of Melbourne


Funding Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Australian Research Council: [grant number DP190103557]; University of Melbourne [grant number TA503023].