Journal article

Tropical forcing of Australian extreme low minimum temperatures in September 2019

Eun-Pa Lim, Harry H Hendon, Li Shi, Catherine de Burgh-Day, Debra Hudson, Andrew King, Blair Trewin, Morwenna Griffiths, Andrew Marshall

Climate Dynamics | SPRINGER | Published : 2021


We explore the causes and predictability of extreme low minimum temperatures (T ) that occurred across northern and eastern Australia in September 2019. Historically, reduced T is related to the occurrence of a positive Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) and central Pacific El Niño. Positive IOD events tend to locate an anomalous anticyclone over the Great Australian Bight, therefore inducing cold advection across eastern Australia. Positive IOD and central Pacific El Niño also reduce cloud cover over northern and eastern Australia, thus enhancing radiative cooling at night-time. During September 2019, the IOD and central Pacific El Niño were strongly positive, and so the observed T anomalies are w..

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University of Melbourne Researchers


Awarded by Australian Research Council

Funding Acknowledgements

Support was provided from the Australian Government Department of Agriculture and Water Resources as part of its Rural R&D for Profit programme. Andrew King was supported by the Australian Research Council (DE180100638).