Putting the Self in Self-Correction: Findings From the Loss-of-Confidence Project
Julia M Rohrer, Warren Tierney, Eric L Uhlmann, Lisa M DeBruine, Tom Heyman, Benedict Jones, Stefan C Schmukle, Raphael Silberzahn, Rebecca M Willen, Rickard Carlsson, Richard E Lucas, Julia Strand, Simine Vazire, Jessica K Witt, Thomas R Zentall, Christopher F Chabris, Tal Yarkoni
PERSPECTIVES ON PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE | SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD | Published : 2021
Science is often perceived to be a self-correcting enterprise. In principle, the assessment of scientific claims is supposed to proceed in a cumulative fashion, with the reigning theories of the day progressively approximating truth more accurately over time. In practice, however, cumulative self-correction tends to proceed less efficiently than one might naively suppose. Far from evaluating new evidence dispassionately and infallibly, individual scientists often cling stubbornly to prior findings. Here we explore the dynamics of scientific self-correction at an individual rather than collective level. In 13 written statements, researchers from diverse branches of psychology share why and ho..View full abstract
Awarded by National Science Foundation
J. K. Witt is supported by the National Science Foundation (Grant BCS-1632222), and W. Tierney and E. L. Uhlmann's work was supported by an R&D grant from INSEAD. Part of this research was conducted while T. Heyman was a postdoctoral fellow of the Research Foundation-Flanders (FWO-Vlaanderen).