Journal article

Putting the Self in Self-Correction: Findings From the Loss-of-Confidence Project

Julia M Rohrer, Warren Tierney, Eric L Uhlmann, Lisa M DeBruine, Tom Heyman, Benedict Jones, Stefan C Schmukle, Raphael Silberzahn, Rebecca M Willen, Rickard Carlsson, Richard E Lucas, Julia Strand, Simine Vazire, Jessica K Witt, Thomas R Zentall, Christopher F Chabris, Tal Yarkoni

PERSPECTIVES ON PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE | SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD | Published : 2021

Abstract

Science is often perceived to be a self-correcting enterprise. In principle, the assessment of scientific claims is supposed to proceed in a cumulative fashion, with the reigning theories of the day progressively approximating truth more accurately over time. In practice, however, cumulative self-correction tends to proceed less efficiently than one might naively suppose. Far from evaluating new evidence dispassionately and infallibly, individual scientists often cling stubbornly to prior findings. Here we explore the dynamics of scientific self-correction at an individual rather than collective level. In 13 written statements, researchers from diverse branches of psychology share why and ho..

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Grants

Awarded by National Science Foundation


Funding Acknowledgements

J. K. Witt is supported by the National Science Foundation (Grant BCS-1632222), and W. Tierney and E. L. Uhlmann's work was supported by an R&D grant from INSEAD. Part of this research was conducted while T. Heyman was a postdoctoral fellow of the Research Foundation-Flanders (FWO-Vlaanderen).