Journal article

Gender differences in mental health symptoms and risk factors in Australian elite athletes

Courtney C Walton, Simon Rice, Caroline X Gao, Matt Butterworth, Matti Clements, Rosemary Purcell

BMJ OPEN SPORT & EXERCISE MEDICINE | BMJ PUBLISHING GROUP | Published : 2021

Abstract

Objectives: To examine gender differences in the reporting of, and contributors to, mental health symptoms. Methods: This was a cross-sectional observational study of adult athletes within a national elite sporting system (n=523; women=292;56%), who completed a battery of assessments including measures of mental health and adverse life events. Group differences across a range of scores were examined, followed by gender-stratified bootstrapped linear regression and meta-regression on measures where gender differences were observed. Results: Women athletes reported higher rates of mental health symptoms, and lower rates of mental well-being, although there were no differences in general psycho..

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Grants

Awarded by McKenzie Postdoctoral Research Fellowship at the University of Melbourne


Awarded by Career Development Fellowship from the National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia


Funding Acknowledgements

CCW is supported by a McKenzie Postdoctoral Research Fellowship at the University of Melbourne (MCK2020292). SR is supported by a Career Development Fellowship from the National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia (APP1158881), and the Dame Kate Campbell Fellowship from the Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences at The University of Melbourne.