Journal article

Do managers sleep well? The role of gender, gender empowerment and economic development

Xiao Tan, Leah Ruppanner, David Maume, Belinda Hewitt

PLoS One | Public Library of Science (PLoS) | Published : 2021


Work demands often disrupt sleep. The stress of higher status theory posits that workers with greater resources often experience greater stress. We extend this theory to sleep and ask: do managers report more disrupted sleep and does this vary by gender and country context? Data come from the 2012 European Social Survey Programme and our sample comprised those currently employed in their prime working age (n = 27,616; age 25-64) in 29 countries. We include country level measures of the Gender Development Index (GDI) and gross domestic product (GDP). We find that workers sleep better, regardless of gender, in countries where women are empowered. For managers, women sleep better as GDI increas..

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