Energy and macronutrient intakes at breakfast and cognitive declines in community-dwelling older adults: a 9-year follow-up cohort study
Xianwen Shang, Edward Hill, Yanping Li, Mingguang He
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition | OXFORD UNIV PRESS | Published : 2021
BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether breakfast consumption and breakfast composition are independently associated with changes in cognition over a long-term period in older adults. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to examine the associations between energy and macronutrient intakes at breakfast and cognitive declines. METHODS: We included 2935 participants aged 55-93 y at baseline from the China Health and Nutrition Survey in our analysis. Cognition was assessed in 1997, 2000, 2004, 2006, and 2015. Dietary intake was assessed using weighing methods in combination with 24-h food records. RESULTS: Breakfast contributed to 25.9% of total energy intake of the day and percentages of breakfast energy intake from..View full abstract
Awarded by National Institute for Nutrition and Health, China Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Carolina Population Center
Awarded by NIH
Awarded by NIH Fogarty International Center
Support was provided by the National Institute for Nutrition and Health, China Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Carolina Population Center (P2C HD050924, T32 HD007168), the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, the NIH (R01-HD30880, DK056350, R24 HD050924, and R01HD38700), and the NIH Fogarty International Center (D43 TW009077, D43 TW007709) for the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) data collection and analysis files from 1989 to 2015 and for future surveys; the China-Japan Friendship Hospital, Ministry of Health, for CHNS 2009; the Chinese National Human Genome Center at Shanghai has provided funding since 2009; and BeijingMunicipal Center for Disease Prevention and Control has provided funding since 2011. The publication of this article was supported by Fundamental Research Funds of the State Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology.