Principles and practice of determining metal-protein affinities.
Tessa R Young, Zhiguang Xiao
Biochem J | Portland Press Ltd. | Published : 2021
Metal ions play many critical roles in biology, as structural and catalytic cofactors, and as cell regulatory and signalling elements. The metal-protein affinity, expressed conveniently by the metal dissociation constant, KD, describes the thermodynamic strength of a metal-protein interaction and is a key parameter that can be used, for example, to understand how proteins may acquire metals in a cell and to identify dynamic elements (e.g. cofactor binding, changing metal availabilities) which regulate protein metalation in vivo. Here, we outline the fundamental principles and practical considerations that are key to the reliable quantification of metal-protein affinities. We review a selecti..View full abstract