Journal article

Correcting for Non-stationarity in BOLD-fMRI Connectivity Analyses

Catherine E Davey, David B Grayden, Leigh A Johnston

FRONTIERS IN NEUROSCIENCE | FRONTIERS MEDIA SA | Published : 2021

Abstract

In this work fMRI BOLD datasets are shown to contain slice-dependent non-stationarities. A model containing slice-dependent, non-stationary signal power is proposed to address time-varying signal power during BOLD data acquisition. The impact of non-stationary power on functional MRI connectivity is analytically derived, establishing that pairwise connectivity estimates are scaled by a function of the time-varying signal power, with magnitude upper bound by 1, and that the variance of sample correlation is increased, thereby inducing spurious connectivity. Consequently, we make the observation that time-varying power during acquisition of BOLD timeseries has the propensity to diminish connec..

View full abstract