Genomic hotspots for adaptation: the population genetics of Müllerian mimicry in the Heliconius melpomene clade.
Simon W Baxter, Nicola J Nadeau, Luana S Maroja, Paul Wilkinson, Brian A Counterman, Anna Dawson, Margarita Beltran, Silvia Perez-Espona, Nicola Chamberlain, Laura Ferguson, Richard Clark, Claire Davidson, Rebecca Glithero, James Mallet, W Owen McMillan, Marcus Kronforst, Mathieu Joron, Richard H Ffrench-Constant, Chris D Jiggins
PLOS Genetics | Published : 2010
Wing patterning in Heliconius butterflies is a longstanding example of both Müllerian mimicry and phenotypic radiation under strong natural selection. The loci controlling such patterns are "hotspots" for adaptive evolution with great allelic diversity across different species in the genus. We characterise nucleotide variation, genotype-by-phenotype associations, linkage disequilibrium, and candidate gene expression at two loci and across multiple hybrid zones in Heliconius melpomene and relatives. Alleles at HmB control the presence or absence of the red forewing band, while alleles at HmYb control the yellow hindwing bar. Across HmYb two regions, separated by approximately 100 kb, show sig..View full abstract
Awarded by Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council