Mediation effects that emulate a target randomised trial: Simulation-based evaluation of ill-defined interventions on multiple mediators
Margarita Moreno-Betancur, Paul Moran, Denise Becker, George C Patton, John B Carlin
STATISTICAL METHODS IN MEDICAL RESEARCH | SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD | Published : 2021
Many epidemiological questions concern potential interventions to alter the pathways presumed to mediate an association. For example, we consider a study that investigates the benefit of interventions in young adulthood for ameliorating the poorer mid-life psychosocial outcomes of adolescent self-harmers relative to their healthy peers. Two methodological challenges arise. First, mediation methods have hitherto mostly focused on the elusive task of discovering pathways, rather than on the evaluation of mediator interventions. Second, the complexity of such questions is invariably such that there are no well-defined mediator interventions (i.e. actual treatments, programs, etc.) for which dat..View full abstract
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Awarded by Australian Research Council
The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: This work was supported by a Discovery Early Career Researcher Award fellowship to MMB from the Australian Research Council [DE190101326]. This work was also supported by The University of Melbourne (MMB) and the NIHR Biomedical Research Centre at University Hospitals Bristol NHS Foundation Trust and the University of Bristol, England (PM). The views expressed in this publication are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the NHS, the National Institute for Health Research or the Department of Health and Social Care. The Murdoch Children's Research Institute is supported by the Victorian Government's Operational Infrastructure Support Program.