Journal article

Degradation of black phosphorus is contingent on UV-blue light exposure

Taimur Ahmed, Sivacarendran Balendhran, Md Nurul Karim, Edwin LH Mayes, Matthew R Field, Rajesh Ramanathan, Mandeep Singh, Vipul Bansal, Sharath Sriram, Madhu Bhaskaran, Sumeet Walia

npj 2D Materials and Applications | NATURE RESEARCH | Published : 2017


Layered black phosphorous has recently emerged as a promising candidate for next generation nanoelectronic devices. However, the rapid ambient degradation of mechanically exfoliated black phosphorous poses challenges in its practical implementation in scalable devices. As photo-oxidation has been identified as the main cause of degradation, to-date, the strategies employed to protect black phosphorous have relied upon preventing its exposure to atmospheric oxygen. These strategies inhibit access to the material limiting its use. An understanding of the effect of individual wavelengths of the light spectrum can lead to alternatives that do not require the complete isolation of black phosphoro..

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University of Melbourne Researchers


Awarded by Australian Research Council (ARC)

Funding Acknowledgements

The authors acknowledge support from the Australian Research Council (ARC) for personnel and project support via DE150100909 (S.B.), DE160100023 (M.B.), DP140100170 (M.B.), DP130100062 (S.S.), FT140101285 (V.B.), DP170103477 (V.B. and R.R.) and equipment funding through LE0882246, LE0989615, LE110100223 and LE150100001. The authors also acknowledge the facilities and technical assistance of the Micro Nano Research Facility (MNRF) and the RMIT Microscopy and Microanalysis Research Facility (RMMF).