Journal article

Elemental Analogues of Graphene: Silicene, Germanene, Stanene, and Phosphorene

Sivacarendran Balendhran, Sumeet Walia, Hussein Nili, Sharath Sriram, Madhu Bhaskaran

Small | WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH | Published : 2015


The fascinating electronic and optoelectronic properties of free-standing graphene has led to the exploration of alternative two-dimensional materials that can be easily integrated with current generation of electronic technologies. In contrast to 2D oxide and dichalcogenides, elemental 2D analogues of graphene, which include monolayer silicon (silicene), are fast emerging as promising alternatives, with predictions of high degree of integration with existing technologies. This article reviews this emerging class of 2D elemental materials - silicene, germanene, stanene, and phosphorene--with emphasis on fundamental properties and synthesis techniques. The need for further investigations to e..

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University of Melbourne Researchers


Awarded by Australian Research Council (ARC)

Awarded by Australian Post-Doctoral Fellowships

Funding Acknowledgements

The authors acknowledge support from the Australian Research Council (ARC) with project support through Discovery Projects DP130100062 (S.S.) and DP140100170 (M.B.) and Australian Post-Doctoral Fellowships through Discovery Projects DP1092717 (M.B.) and DP110100262 (S.S.).