Journal article

The Upsides and Downsides of High Self-Control: Evidence for Effects of Similarity and Situation Dependency

Lukas Roeseler, Jacqueline Ebert, Astrid Schuetz, Roy F Baumeister



High trait self-control is generally depicted as favorable. We investigated whether this holds for social perception. Using vignettes, we tested whether a person with high self-control is 1) preferred as a partner for all or only certain social situations, 2) perceived as less likeable than a person with low self-control, 3) liked more if the person is female and the behavior thus fits the sex-stereotype, and 4) perceived differently from a person with low self-control with respect to a wide range of adjectives used to describe personality. Competing theories are presented for each area. Results indicate that although high self-control is associated with a wide range of socially desirable tr..

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Funding Acknowledgements

This research was partly funded by a graduate scholarship granted by the state of Saxony-Anhalt, Germany to Lukas Roseler and by a Humboldt Research Award to Roy F. Baumeister. The funding sources had no involvement in the study design, data collection, data analysis, interpretation of data, writing, or decision to submit.