Journal article

A MARINE RESERVOIR EFFECT Delta R VALUE FOR KITANDACH, IN PRINCE RUPERT HARBOUR, BRITISH COLUMBIA, CANADA

Kevan Edinborough, Andrew Martindale, Gordon T Cook, Kisha Supernant, Kenneth M Ames

RADIOCARBON | UNIV ARIZONA DEPT GEOSCIENCES | Published : 2016

Abstract

Prince Rupert Harbour (PRH), on the north Pacific Coast of British Columbia, contains at least 157 shell middens, of which 66 are known villages, in an area of approximately 180km2. These sites span the last 9500 yr and in some cases are immense, exceeding 20,000m2 surface area and several meters in depth. Recent archaeological research in PRH has become increasingly reliant on radiocarbon dates from marine shell for developing chronologies. However, this is problematic as the local marine reservoir effect (MRE) remains poorly understood in the region. To account for the MRE and to better date the Harbour’s sites, we propose a ΔR of 273±38 for the PRH area, based on our work at the site of K..

View full abstract

University of Melbourne Researchers

Grants

Awarded by Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada


Awarded by (US) National Science Foundation


Funding Acknowledgements

We wish to thank the following people and organizations: Lax Kw'alaams Indian Band, Metlakatla Indian Band, Susan Marsden, David Archer, Bryn Letham, Iain McKechnie, Ian Hutchinson, Eric Guiry, Steven Dennis, David Leask, and Phillipa Ascough. Also, SUERC staff are thanked for the <SUP>14</SUP>C sample preparations and measurements. <SUP>14</SUP>C dates were obtained through (US) National Science Foundation Grant Number 216847 awarded to Kenneth Ames as Principal Investigator. Samples for dating were collected through the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada Grant Number 410-2011-0814 awarded to Andrew Martindale as Principal Investigator.