Journal article

The impact of the Neolithic agricultural transition in Britain: a comparison of pollen-based land-cover and archaeological C-14 date-inferred population change

Jessie Woodbridge, Ralph M Fyfe, Neil Roberts, Sean Downey, Kevan Edinborough, Stephen Shennan

JOURNAL OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL SCIENCE | ACADEMIC PRESS LTD- ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD | Published : 2014

Abstract

Britain's landscapes were substantially transformed as a result of prehistoric agricultural clearance and deforestation. This process began in the Neolithic and is recorded in multiple different "archives", notably those deriving from archaeological site excavations and from off-site pollen records. This paper assesses the extent to which these two independent sources show common trends and timing in terms of demographic and environmental change across Britain during the millennia prior to and after the appearance of the first farming communities. This period is analysed within the wider context of the 9000-3400cal.BP time frame. We compare land-cover change aggregated from 42 pollen records..

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University of Melbourne Researchers

Grants

Awarded by Leverhulme Trust


Awarded by European Research Council


Funding Acknowledgements

The development of the pseudo-biomisation approach was supported through Plymouth University Geography PUP funds and Leverhulme Trust grant F/568W. The radiocarbon date work by Downey, Edinborough and Shennan was funded by European Research Council Advanced Grant #249390 for the project EURO-EVOL: Cultural Evolution of Neolithic Europe. Thanks are also given to contributors to the European Pollen Database and the authors of the palaeoclimate datasets used in this paper. We are also grateful for the constructive comments of two anonymous reviewers.