Journal article

Diet quality trajectories and cardiovascular phenotypes/metabolic syndrome risk by 11-12 years

Jessica A Kerr, Richard S Liu, Constantine E Gasser, Fiona K Mensah, David Burgner, Kate Lycett, Alanna N Gillespie, Markus Juonala, Susan A Clifford, Tim Olds, Richard Saffery, Lisa Gold, Mengjiao Liu, Peter Azzopardi, Ben Edwards, Terence Dwyer, Melissa Wake

International Journal of Obesity | SPRINGERNATURE | Published : 2021

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To investigate associations between early-life diet trajectories and preclinical cardiovascular phenotypes and metabolic risk by age 12 years. METHODS: Participants were 1861 children (51% male) from the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children. At five biennial waves from 2-3 to 10-11 years: Every 2 years from 2006 to 2014, diet quality scores were collected from brief 24-h parent/self-reported dietary recalls and then classified using group-based trajectory modeling as 'never healthy' (7%), 'becoming less healthy' (17%), 'moderately healthy' (21%), and 'always healthy' (56%). At 11-12 years: During children's physical health Child Health CheckPoint (2015-2016), we measured card..

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Grants

Awarded by National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) of Australia


Awarded by Royal Children's Hospital Foundation


Awarded by National Heart Foundation of Australia


Awarded by Financial Markets Foundation for Children


Awarded by NHMRC


Awarded by National Heart Foundation of Australia: Honorary Future Leader Fellowship


Funding Acknowledgements

The Child Health CheckPoint was supported by the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) of Australia (Project Grants 1041352, 1109355), The Royal Children's Hospital Foundation (2014-241), the Murdoch Children's Research Institute (MCRI), The University of Melbourne, the National Heart Foundation of Australia (100660), Financial Markets Foundation for Children (2014-055, 2016-310) and the Victorian Deaf Education Institute. The following authors were supported by the NHMRC: MW (Principal Research Fellowship 1160906), DB (Senior Research Fellowship 1064629); FKM (Career Development Fellowship 1111160); KL (Early Career Fellowship 1091124). The following authors were supported by the National Heart Foundation of Australia: Honorary Future Leader Fellowship to DB (100369); Postdoctoral Fellowship to KL (101239). The MCRI administered the research grants for the study and provided infrastructural support to its staff and the study, but played no role in the conduct or analysis of the study. DSS played a role in study design; however, no other funding bodies had a role in the study design and conduct; data collection, management, analysis and interpretation; preparation, review or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.