Journal article

The effects of structure, process and outcome incentives on primary care referrals to a national prevention programme

Emma McManus, Jack Elliott, Rachel Meacock, Paul Wilson, Judith Gellatly, Matt Sutton

HEALTH ECONOMICS | WILEY | Published : 2021


Despite widespread use, evidence is sparse on whether financial incentives in healthcare should be linked to structure, process or outcome. We examine the impact of different incentive types on the quantity and effectiveness of referrals made by general practices to a new national prevention programme in England. We measured effectiveness by the number of referrals resulting in programme attendance. We surveyed local commissioners about their use of financial incentives and linked this information to numbers of programme referrals and attendances from 5170 general practices between April 2016 and March 2018. We used multivariate probit regressions to identify commissioner characteristics ass..

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