Journal article

New multicellular marine macroalgae from the early Tonian of northwestern Canada

Katie M Maloney, Galen P Halverson, James D Schiffbauer, Shuhai Xiao, Timothy M Gibson, Maxwell A Lechte, Vivien M Cumming, Alexie EG Millikin, Jack G Murphy, Malcolm W Wallace, David Selby, Marc Laflamme

Geology | Geological Society of America | Published : 2021

Abstract

Abstract Molecular phylogenetic data suggest that photosynthetic eukaryotes first evolved in freshwater environments in the early Proterozoic and diversified into marine environments by the Tonian Period, but early algal evolution is poorly reflected in the fossil record. Here, we report newly discovered, millimeter- to centimeter-scale macrofossils from outer-shelf marine facies of the ca. 950–900 Ma (Re-Os minimum age constraint = 898 ± 68 Ma) Dolores Creek Formation in the Wernecke Mountains, northwestern Canada. These fossils, variably preserved by iron oxides and clay minerals, represent two size classes. The larger forms feature unbranching thalli with uniform cells, dif..

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University of Melbourne Researchers