Septic arthritis of the elbow with Streptococcus pneumoniae in a 9-month-old girl.
Tabea Haas, Mark S Gaston, Erich Rutz, Carlo Camathias
BMJ Case Rep | BMJ | Published : 2014
A 9-month-old girl presented with a swollen, erythematous and hot left elbow, which was tender on palpation. Physical examination was unremarkable except temperature of 38.4°C and restriction of elbow movement. Blood tests showed an elevated C reactive protein of 116 mg/L. Plain radiograph and ultrasound of the elbow showed no pathological findings. MRI revealed an intra-articular effusion and associated myositis, but did not demonstrate intra-articular synovitis. Arthroscopic lavage of the joint yielded purulent fluid and gross synovitis involving the entire joint. Streptococcus pneumoniae was isolated from the synovial fluid, although the patient had been immunised with Prevenar (pneumococ..View full abstract