Individual variation underlying brain age estimates in typical development.
Gareth Ball, Claire E Kelly, Richard Beare, Marc L Seal
NeuroImage | Elsevier BV | Published : 2021
Typical brain development follows a protracted trajectory throughout childhood and adolescence. Deviations from typical growth trajectories have been implicated in neurodevelopmental and psychiatric disorders. Recently, the use of machine learning algorithms to model age as a function of structural or functional brain properties has been used to examine advanced or delayed brain maturation in healthy and clinical populations. Termed 'brain age', this approach often relies on complex, nonlinear models that can be difficult to interpret. In this study, we use model explanation methods to examine the cortical features that contribute to brain age modelling on an individual basis. In a large coh..View full abstract