Journal article

Gender Variance in Children and Adolescents with Neurodevelopmental and Psychiatric Conditions from Australia

Lucy McPhate, Katrina Williams, Alasdair Vance, Jo Winther, Kenneth Pang, Tamara May

Archives of Sexual Behavior | SPRINGER/PLENUM PUBLISHERS | Published : 2021

Abstract

Gender variance is a broad term used to describe gender non-conforming behaviors. Past studies have used the parental response to Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) Item 110, which asks whether a child "Wishes to be of opposite sex" as an indicator of gender variance. The population prevalence of gender variance in children and adolescents using this metric was found to be 1.2% in birth-assigned females and 0.4% in birth-assigned males (Achenbach & Rescorla, 2001). However, in those referred for psychiatric evaluation, it was higher (5.4% of birth-assigned females and 2.8% of birth-assigned males) (Achenbach & Rescorla, 2001). The aim of this study was to use the CBCL to estimate the prevalence..

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