Targeting intramuscular adipose tissue expansion to preserve contractile function in volumetric muscle loss: A potentially novel therapy?
Ahmed Al Saedi, Gustavo Duque, Nicole Stupka
Current Opinion in Pharmacology | Published : 2021
In volumetric muscle loss (VML), the severity of trauma exceeds a muscle's regenerative capacity. VML causes permanent functional impairments for which there are no rehabilitative, pharmacological, or regenerative medicine interventions. Driving failed regeneration in VML is a hostile microenvironment characterized by heightened inflammation, fibrosis, and denervation, which may reduce the remaining muscle tissue's quality, and stimulate intramuscular adipose tissue (IMAT) expansion. IMAT is increased in various muscle disease states, and has known lipotoxic effects on regeneration and contractile function. The contribution of ectopic fat deposition to the hostile VML microenvironment at the..View full abstract