Automated lung segmentation in X-ray computed tomography: development and evaluation of a heuristic threshold-based scheme.
Joseph K Leader, Bin Zheng, Robert M Rogers, Frank C Sciurba, Andrew Perez, Brian E Chapman, Sanjay Patel, Carl R Fuhrman, David Gur
Acad Radiol | Published : 2003
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: To develop and evaluate a reliable, fully-automated lung segmentation scheme for application in X-ray computed tomography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The automated scheme was heuristically developed using a slice-based, pixel-value threshold and two sets of classification rules. Features used in the rules include size, circularity, and location. The segmentation scheme operates slice-by-slice and performs three key operations: (1) image preprocessing to remove background pixels, (2) computation and application of a pixel-value threshold to identify lung tissue, and (3) refinement of the initial segmented regions to prune incorrectly detected airways and separate fused r..View full abstract